The Characteristics Of Different Wood Species

December 28, 2021

When you talk about wood species, you generally refer to the two main types: softwood and hardwood. The former is from trees that produce nuts and cones, while the latter is from those that have leaves and seeds. Hardwood and softwood trees are called as such due to the differences in their densities. Softwoods are less dense and are less prone to splitting. Several species of trees fall into these categories, each offering its own unique characteristics. Understanding what these are will help you select the correct type of wood for all aspects of your home from furnishings to wooden floor



It is a type of hardwood that grows in the northern hemisphere. The most common varieties of Oak are sourced in North America, Japan and Europe. It is possibly one of the most popular wood species used worldwide. As the wood is strong, heavy, hard and dense with close grain and high tannin content, it is very resilient against both fungal and insect infestations. They are commonly used in flooring, furniture, panelling and joinery.


Advantages of Oak

  • It has a beautiful wood grain
  • Durable and long-lasting
  • Water-resistant
  • Less prone to wear and tea
  • Less likely to bend for sunlight exposure
  • Stains and polishes well


Disadvantages of Oak

  • Due to the high tannin content, exposure to wet and cold weather can result in reactions with oil-based finishes resulting in discolouration.
  • It is heavy, making it challenging to install and move. You will need specialist flooring companies in dubai to carefully lay them. 
  • It can be difficult to protect thin oak veneers as the finishes can react with the adhesive used during the veneering process.



It is also a type of hardwood that mainly grows in North and Central America but is famous worldwide. Used for a wide range of purposes, it is particularly popular for furniture and fittings. This is due to its gorgeous strain grain and striking reddish-brown colour. The wood also polishes and oils well, making it ideal for high shine finishes. It is also very durable and robust. Mahogany is also the standard choice for high quality wooden musical instruments due to its appearance and strength. 


Advantages of Mahogany

  • A prominent and beautiful wood grain
  • Durable and long-lasting
  • Water-resistant
  • Not likely to bend when exposed to sunlight
  • Less prone to wear and tear
  • Resistant to rot
  • Stains and polishes well.


Disadvantages of Mahogany

  • It can be difficult to protect thin mahogany veneers as the finishes can possibly react with the adhesive used during the veneering process.
  • It darkens over time.
  • Available in various colours, making it difficult to colour match
  • Due to its heaviness, it can be challenging to work with and install



It is a type of hardwood commonly found in south and southeast Asia. Widely considered one of the most valuable types of wood, teak is incredibly popular as a furniture and window option. It is known for its dark golden brown colour and straight grain but has high oil and tannin levels. 


Advantages of Teak

  • Durable and long-lasting
  • Beautiful straight grain
  • Highly water-resistant, making it perfect for outdoor furnishings
  • Less prone to wear and tear


Disadvantages of Teak

  • Its high oil content can affect some finishes
  • Difficult to find high-quality wood
  • Expensive


As each wood species offers its own advantages and disadvantages, it is best to consult with professionals before having them installed as furnishing or flooring. For more information on wooden flooring, contact us at Nordic Homeworx, our wood flooring company in Dubai.


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